doctor pointing to image of liver
Could immunotherapy be used to treat liver cancer?

Liver cancer can be hard to treat and has a relatively low survival rate. Immunotherapy is a promising way of treating many forms of cancer, including liver cancer. In this form of treatment, doctors target the immune system and alter its activity in ways that fight cancer. However, researchers haven’t known a lot about how immune cells are involved in liver cancer development, which is critical information if immunotherapy is going to be used.

ophthalmologist performing eye exam on young child
Developing a personalized approach to retinoblastoma screening

Retinoblastoma is a form of eye cancer that affects children. Many cases happen randomly, but retinoblastoma can also be hereditary in families.

Your trusted source for the most up-to-date cancer statistics in Canada

For more than 30 years, the Canadian Cancer Statistics publication has provided comprehensive, up-to-date cancer statistics for Canada. Developed collaboratively by the Canadian Cancer Society, Public Health Agency of Canada, Statistics Canada and provincial and territorial cancer registries, the 2017 edition was released on June 20.

zoomed-in view of the body’s blood vessels
Detecting cancer early in the blood

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animation of a CAR-T cell interacting with a target protein on a cancer cell
How CAR-T cells work to fight cancer

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cartoon of cancer stem cell resisting treatment
The challenges behind the fight against cancer

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New directions in cancer prevention research

Often, people think cancer research is about developing new treatments. But finding ways to prevent cancer is also important. More than 200,000 Canadians are expected to be diagnosed with cancer this year, and this number will keep increasing as our population grows and ages, placing a significant burden on the health care system.

Can we detect esophageal cancer years before symptoms appear?

There are no existing tests that can predict esophageal cancer in people with Barrett’s esophagus, a condition that affects the cells lining the esophagus and can lead to cancer in some people. Researchers from the University of Cambridge have identified patterns of gene mutations that can predict cancer years before symptoms appear. These findings can help doctors diagnose and treat esophageal cancer earlier. Learn more in an article from Medical Xpress.

Rare liver cancer driven by fused genes

Fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma is a rare and typically lethal form of liver cancer that can affect young people. A collaborative research team found that this disease was driven by the fusion of 2 genes that are normally far apart. This finding may support the development of new and improved therapies to treat this disease. Learn more in an article from The Rockefeller University.

Genetic features of early-stage bladder cancer

People with non-invasive bladder cancer are often treated similarly, even though their tumours may be unique. Researchers have found that these tumours can have different genetic mutations that could be targeted for personalized treatment. Learn more in an article from the University of Leeds.

Matching young cancer patients to the right therapy

Precision medicine is an important treatment strategy for cancer, as each person’s genetic makeup can affect which therapy will work for them. A new program in Canada aims to let experts in the field to examine the genes of a young cancer patient and match him or her to the most promising treatments. This program could potentially reduce the time it takes for people to access cancer treatment. Learn more in an article from the Globe and Mail.

Skin scanner prototype looks for hot cancer cells

Cancer cells often grow and divide more quickly than normal cells, generating heat in this process. Recent graduates from McMaster University designed a handheld device that may eventually detect cancerous cells in the skin based on their heat signature. This innovative technology could change the way skin cancer is diagnosed. Learn more in an article from CBC News.