American Cancer Society. (2013, 1/18). Esophagus Cancer. Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society.
Esophageal cancer treatment options. American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). (2013, October). Cancer.Net. Alexandria, VA.: American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO).
Baldwin, K. M. et al. Esophageal cancer treatment and management. (2014, Feb 18). eMedicine.com. Omaha: eMedicine, Inc.
Esophageal and esophagogastric junction. BC Cancer Agency (BCCA). (2013, March 6). Cancer Management Guidelines. BC Cancer Agency.
Oesophageal cancer. Cancer Research UK. (2014, March 26). CancerHelp UK.
National Cancer Institute. (2014, 3/13). Esophageal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) Health Professional Version. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute.
Posner, MC, Minsky BD, & Ilson DH. Cancer of the esophagus. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, & Rosenberg SA. (2011). Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology. (9th Édition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 79: pp. 887-923.×