Cancer information / Cancer types / Prostate / Prostate cancer / Benign prostatic hyperplasia

American Cancer Society. (2015, March 12). Prostate Cancer. Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society. Retrieved from:

Epstein J, Lotan TL. The lower urinary tract and male genital system. Kumar V, Abbas AK, Aster JC, (eds.). (2015). Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease. (9th Edition). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders. 21: 959-990.

Garnick MB (ed.). (2015). Harvard Medical School 2015 Annual Report on Prostate Diseases.

National Cancer Institute. (2011, August). Understanding Prostate Changes. Retrieved from:

Nickel JC, Mendez-Probst CE, Whelan TF et al. 2010 Update: Guidelines for the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia. (2010, October). Canadian Urological Association Journal. 4(5):310-316. Retrieved from: