Cancer information / Cancer types / Neuroendocrine / Risks / Reducing your risk

Boffetta P, Hazelton WD, Chen Y et al. Body mass, tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking and risk of cancer of the small intestine - a pooled analysis of over 500,000 subjects in the Asia Cohort Consortium. (2012, July). Annals of Oncology. 23(7):1894-1898. Retrieved from:

Haugvik SP, Hedenstrom P, Korsaeth E et al. Diabetes, smoking, alcohol use, and family history of cancer as risk factors for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (2015). Neuroendocrinology. 101(2):133-142. Retrieved from:

Leoncini E, Carioli G, La Vecchia C, Boccia S, Rindi G. Risk factors for neuroendocrine neoplasms: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (2016, January). Annals of Oncology. 27(1):68-81. Retrieved from:

Minnetti M, Grossman A. Somatic and germline mutations in NETs: implications for their diagnosis and management. (2016, January). Best Practice and Research Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 30(1):115-127.

Norton JA, Kunz PL. Multiple endocrine neoplasias. Devita VT, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA (eds.). (2015). Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. (10th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 87:1227-1233.