Cancer information / Cancer types / Cancer of unknown primary / Diagnosis

American Cancer Society. (2009, October 15). Cancer - Unknown Primary. Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society.

American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). (2008, November 25). Unknown primary. Alexandria, VA..

Cancer Research UK. Unknown primary cancer.

Gallagher CJ, & Reznek RH. Cancer of unknown primary site. (2008, August). Clinical Medicine. London, UK: Royal College of Physicians. 8(4):451-4 (PMID: 18724619).

Greco FA, & Hainsworth JD. Cancer of unknown primary site. Devita, V. T., Jr., Lawrence, T. S., & Rosenberg, S. A. (2008). Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology. (8th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 56: 2363-2387.

Hainsworth JD, & Greco A. Cancer of unknown primary site (CUPS). Ko, A. H., Dollinger, M., & Rosenbaum, E. (2008). Everyone's Guide to Cancer Therapy: How Cancer is Diagnosed, Treated and Managed Day to Day. (5th Edition). Kansas City: Andrews McMeel Publishing. 515-521.

Macmillan Cancer Support. (2009, May). Unknown primary.

National Cancer Institute. (2009, September 1). Carcinoma of Unknown Primary Treatment (PDQ®) Health Professional Version. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute.

Pavlidis N, & Fizazi K. Carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP). (2009, March). Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology. Elsevier. 69(3):271-8 (PMID: 18977667).

Tan WW, Amar S, Shahab N, et al. Metastatic cancer, unknown primary site. (2009, March 4). Omaha: eMedicine, Inc.

Winkeljohn DI. Diagnosis, pathology, treatment and nursing considerations for cancer of unknown primary. (2009, June). Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing. Oncology Nursing Society. 13(3): 273-275. (PMID: 19502184).