Cancer information / Cancer types / Metastatic / Bone metastases

American Cancer Society. (2014, February 7). Bone Metastasis. Atlanta, GA. Retrieved from:

Anselmetti GC. Osteoplasty: percutaneous bone cement injection beyond the spine. (2010). Seminars in Interventional Radiology. Thieme. 27(2):199-208. Retrieved from:

Bonner Millar, L. Penn Medicine. (2011, 03/24). Bone Metastases: The Basics. University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved 09/29/2014. Retrieved from:

Cancer Care Ontario. (2014, March). Denosumab - Drug Monograph. Toronto, ON: Cancer Care Ontario. Accessed October 21, 2014. Retrieved from:

Chow E, Finkelstein JA, Sahgal A and Coleman RE. Metastatic cancer to the bone. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, & Rosenberg SA. (2011). Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology. (9th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 150:2192-2204.

Coleman R, Body JJ, Aapro M, et al. Bone health in cancer patients: ESMO clinical practice guidelines. (2014). Annals of Oncology. Oxford University Press. 25 Suppl 3:iii124-iii137.

Coleman, RE. Clinical features of metastatic bone disease and risk of skeletal morbidity. (2006). Clinical Cancer Research. American Association for Cancer Research, Inc. (AACR). 12:6243s-6249s (PMID: 17062708).

Draznin Maltzman J, Bonner Millar L. (2011, June 29). Bone Metastasis Treatment with Bisphosphonates. University of Pennsylvania. Accessed September 29, 2014. Retrieved from:

Karp DD, Falchook GS (eds.). (2015). Handbook of Targeted Cancer Therapy. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer.

Kochan JP. (2013, July 25). Percutaneous Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty. WebMD LLC. Accessed October 17, 2014. Retrieved from:

Macmillan Cancer Support. (2012, 12/01). Symptoms of Secondary Bone Cancer. London, UK: Macmillan Cancer Support. Retrieved 09/30/2014. Retrieved from:

Macmillan Cancer Support. (2012, 12/01). How Secondary Bone Cancer is Diagnosed. London, UK: Macmillan Cancer Support. Retrieved 09/29/2014. Retrieved from: