Cancer information / Cancer types / Testicular / Diagnosis

American Association for Clinical Chemistry. (2014, July 21). Lab Tests Online: Lactate Dehydrogenase (LD). Retrieved from:

American Cancer Society. (2018, May 17). Tests for Testicular Cancer. Retrieved from:

American Society of Clinical Oncology. (2017, November). Testicular Cancer: Diagnosis. Retrieved from:

BC Cancer Agency. (2013, May 8). Testis: Diagnosis. Retrieved from:

Carver BS, Feldman DR. Staging of Testicular Cancer. Scardino PT, Lineham WM, Zelefsky MJ & Vogelzang NJ (eds.). (2011). Comprehensive Textbook of Genitourinary Oncology. (4th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 32:544-557.

National Cancer Institute. (2018, May 11). Testicular CancerTreatment (PDQ®) Patient Version. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. Retrieved from:

National Cancer Institute. (2018, January 30). Testicular Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) Health Professional Version. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. Retrieved from:

National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Testicular Cancer (Version 2.2018). Retrieved from:

Pagliaro LC and Logothetis CJ. Cancer of the testis. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, & Rosenberg SA. (2015). Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology. (10th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 70:988-1004.

Sachdeva K. (2017, July 5). Medscape Reference: Testicular Cancer Workup. Retrieved from: