Cancer information / Cancer types / Testicular / Signs and symptoms

American Cancer Society. (2018, May 17). Signs and Symptoms of Testicular Cancer. Retrieved from:

American Society of Clinical Oncology. (2017, November). Testicular Cancer: Symptoms and Signs. Retrieved from:

Cancer Research UK. (2017, November 21). Testicular Cancer: Symptoms. Retrieved from:

Masterson TA, Beck SDW. Testicular Cancer: Clinical Signs and Symptoms. Scardino PT, Lineham WM, Zelefsky MJ & Vogelzang NJ (eds.). (2011). Comprehensive Textbook of Genitourinary Oncology. (4th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 28:505-508.

National Cancer Institute. (2018, May 11). Testicular CancerTreatment (PDQ®) Patient Version. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. Retrieved from:

Pagliaro LC and Logothetis CJ. Cancer of the testis. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, & Rosenberg SA. (2015). Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology. (10th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 70:988-1004.