Cancer information / Cancer types / Bile duct / Treatment

ACS. Bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma). American Cancer Society. (2014). Bile Duct (Cholangiocarcinoma) Cancer. Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society.

Blechacz, B.R.A. and Gores, G.J.. Cholangiocarcinoma. (2008). Clinics in Liver Disease. Retrieved from:

Hodgin MB. Gallbladder and bile duct cancer. Yarbro, CH, Wujcki D, & Holmes Gobel B. (eds.). (2011). Cancer Nursing: Principles and Practice. (7th Edition). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett. Chapter 55. pp: 1316-1333.

Lillemoe KD, Schulick RD, Kennedy AS., et al. Cancers of the biliary tree: clinical management. Kelsen, D. P., Daly, J. M., Kern, S. E., Levin, B., Tepper, J. E., & Van Cutsem, E. (eds.). (2008). Principles and Practice of Gastrointestinal Oncology. (2nd Edition). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Chapter 37: pp. 493-507.

National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). (2015). Hepatobiliary Cancers Version 2.2015. Retrieved from:

Nickloes, T.A.. (2015, November 18). Medscape Reference: Bile duct tumors. Retrieved from:

Siegel, A.B., Sheynzon,V., and Samstein, B.. Uncommon Hepatobiliary tumors. Raghavan, E., Blanke, C.D., Johnson, D. H., et al. (Eds.). (2012). Textbook of Uncommon Cancer. (4th Edition). Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons. 31:441-452.