Cancer information / Cancer types / Thyroid / Signs and symptoms

American Cancer Society. (2014, February 24). Thyroid Cancer. Retrieved from:

American Society of Clinical Oncology. (2015, May). Thyroid Cancer. Retrieved from:

Cancer Research UK. (2014, October 22). Thyroid Cancer Symptoms. Retrieved from:

Davidge-Pitts CJ, Thompson GB. Thyroid tumors. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA. (2015). Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. (10th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 82:1175-1188.

Davidson BJ, Newkirk KA, Burman KD. Cancer of the thyroid and the parathyroid: general principles and management. Harrison LB, Sessions RB, Kies MS (eds.). (2014). Head and Neck Cancer: A Multidisciplinary Approach. (4th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 28A:779-824.

National Cancer Institute. (2015, April 2). Thyroid CancerTreatment (PDQ®) Patient Version. Retrieved from: