Cancer information / Cancer types / Bile duct / Treatment / Unresectable

Lillemoe KD, Schulick RD, Kennedy AS., et al. Cancers of the biliary tree: clinical management. Kelsen, D. P., Daly, J. M., Kern, S. E., Levin, B., Tepper, J. E., & Van Cutsem, E. (eds.). (2008). Principles and Practice of Gastrointestinal Oncology. (2nd Edition). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Chapter 37: pp. 493-507.

National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). (2015). Hepatobiliary Cancers Version 2.2015. Retrieved from:

Saito H, Takada T, Miyazaki M, et al. Radiation therapy and photodynamic therapy for biliary tract and ampullary carcinomas. (2008). Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery. Tokyo: Springer, International. 15(1):63-8. (PMID: 18274845).

Van Beers, B.E.. Diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma. (2008). HPB. Retrieved from:

Venook, AP. Bile duct. Ko, A. H., Dollinger, M., & Rosenbaum, E. (2008). Everyone's Guide to Cancer Therapy: How Cancer is Diagnosed, Treated and Managed Day to Day. (5th Edition). Kansas City: Andrews McMeel Publishing. pp: 441-446.