Cancer information / Diagnosis and treatment / Tests and procedures / Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)

American Cancer Society. (2015, March 12). Prostate Cancer. Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society. Retrieved from:

Garnick MB (ed.). (2015). Harvard Medical School 2015 Annual Report on Prostate Diseases.

Hermanns T, Kuk C, Zlotta AR. Clinical presentation, diagnosis and staging. Nargund VH, Raghavan D, Sandler HM (eds.). (2015). Urological Oncology. Springer. 40: 697-718.

Radiological Society of North America. (2014, February 12). Ultrasound - Prostate. Retrieved from:

Ultrasound imaging of the prostate. Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). (2009, July 8). RadiologyInfo. Oak Brook: Radiological Society of North America, Inc.

Scher HI, Scardino PT, Zelefsky. Cancer of the prostate. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA. (2015). Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. (10th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 68:932-980.

Shetty S. (2015, August 12). Transrectal Ultrasonography of the Prostate. Retrieved from: