Cancer information / Cancer types / Hodgkin lymphoma- childhood / Risks

American Cancer Society. (2017, March 28). Hodgkin Lymphoma Risk Factors.

American Society of Clinical Oncology. (2015, August). Lymphoma - Hodgkin - childhood - overview.

Buka I, Koranteng S, Osornia Vargas AR. Trends in childhood cancer incidence: a review of environmental linkages. (2007, February). Pediatric Clinics of North America. Elsevier, Inc. 54(1): pp. 177-203. (PMID 17306690).

Carozza SE, Li B, Wang Q, et al. Agricultural pesticides and risk of childhood cancers. (2009, March). International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health. Elsevier. 212(2): pp: 186-195 (PMID 18675586).

Crump C, Sundquist K, Sieh W et al. Perinatal and family risk factors for Hodgkin lymphoma in childhood through young adult. (2012, November 21). American Journal of Epidemiology. 176(12): 1147-1158.

Flower KB, Hoppin JA, Lynch CF, et al. Cancer risk and parental pesticide application in children of Agricultural Health Study participants. (2004, April). Environmental Health Perspectives. Seattle. WA: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. 112(5): pp. 631-635. (PMID 15064173).

International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). (2012). Volume 100B: Biological Agents. Retrieved from:

KidsHealth. Hodgkin disease. (2009, February). The Nemours Foundation.

Mack TM, Norman JE Jr, Rappaport E, Cozen W. Childhood determination of Hodgkin lymphoma among U.S. servicemen. (2015, August 31). Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. 24:1707-1715.

Macmillan Cancer Support. (2016, August 1). Hodgkin lymphoma in children.

Maggioncalda A, Malik N, Shenoy P, et al. Clinical, molecular, and environmental risk factors for hodgkin lymphoma. (2011). Advances in Hematology. Hindawi. 2011:736261. (PMID 21127715).

Manson SD & Porter C. Lymphomas. Yarbro, CH, Wujcki D, & Holmes Gobel B (eds.). (2011). Cancer Nursing: Principles and Practice. (7th Edition). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett. 60: pp. 1458-1512.

Margolin JF, Rabin KR, and Poplack DG. Leukemias and lymphomas of childhood. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, & Rosenberg SA. (2011). Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology. (9th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Chapter 124.

McLaughlin C. Childhood cancer. Nasca PC, Pastides H. (2008). Fundamentals of Cancer Epidemiology. (2nd Edition). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 17: pp. 443-483.

Metzger ML, Krasin MJ, Choi JK, Hudson MM. Hodgkin lymphoma. Pizzo PA & Poplack DG (eds.). (2016). Principles and Practice of Pediatric Oncology. (7th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer. 22:568-586.

National Cancer Institute. (2017, June 16). Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment (PDQ®) Health Professional Version.

Ross, J.A. & Spector, L.G. Cancers in children. Schottenfeld, D. & Fraumeni, J. F. Jr. (Eds.). (2006). Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention. (3rd Edition). New York: Oxford University Press. 65: 1252-1268.

Rudant J, Menegaux F, Levergeret G, et al. Household exposure to pesticides and risk of childhood hematopoietic malignancies: The ESCALE Study (SFCE). (2007, December). Environmental Health Perspectives. Triangle Park, NC: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. 115(12): pp: 1787-1793 (PMID: 18087601).

Leukemias/lymphomas: Hodgkin lymphoma. St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. (2001). St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. Memphis, TN: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital.

Triebwasser C, Wang R, DeWan AT, et al. Birth weight and risk of paediatric Hodgkin lymphoma: Findings from a population-based record linkage study in California. (2016). European Journal of Cancer. 69: 19-27.

Vinson F, Merhi M, Baldi I, et al. Exposure to pesticides and risk of childhood cancer: a meta-analysis of recent epidemiological studies. (2011, September). Occupational and Environmental Medicine. BMJ Publishing Group. 68(9): pp: 694-702 (PMID 21606468).