References

Cancer information / Cancer types / Bladder / Signs and symptoms

American Cancer Society. (2016, January 26). Bladder Cancer Early Detection, Diagnosis, and Staging. Retrieved from: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/bladder-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging.html.

American Society of Clinical Oncology. (2017, October). Bladder Cancer. Retrieved from: https://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/bladder-cancer.

Feldman AS, Efstathiou JA, Lee RJ, Dahl DM, Michaelson MD, Zietman AL. Cancer of the bladder, ureter, and renal pelvis. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA. (2015). Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. (10th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 65:896-916.

Mark JR. Bladder cancer. Porter RS (ed.). (2017, October). Merck Manual Professional Edition. Kenilworth, NJ: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.. Accessed July 31, 2018. Retrieved from: https://www.merckmanuals.com/en-ca/professional/genitourinary-disorders/genitourinary-cancer/bladder-cancer.

National Cancer Institute. (2018, April 12). Bladder Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) Health Professional Version. Retrieved from: https://www.cancer.gov/types/bladder/hp/bladder-treatment-pdq.

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