References

Cancer information / Diagnosis and treatment / Managing side effects / Difficulty breathing

American Cancer Society. (2013, November 5). Shortness of Breath. Atlanta, GA. Retrieved from: http://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatmentsandsideeffects/physicalsideeffects/dealingwithsymptomsathome/caring-for-the-patient-with-cancer-at-home-shortness-of-breath.

American Society of Clinical Oncology. (2014, September). Shortness of Breath or Dyspnea. Retrieved from: http://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/side-effects/shortness-breath-or-dyspnea.

Cancer Care Ontario. (2010, August). Cancer Care Ontario's Symptom Management Guide-to-Practice: Dyspnea. Retrieved from: https://www.cancercare.on.ca/toolbox/symptools/.

Cancer Research UK. (2014, October 25). Breathing Problems with Cancer. Retrieved from: http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/coping-with-cancer/coping-physically/breathing/.

Indelicato RA. (2006). Advanced Practice Nurse's Role in Palliative Care and the Management of Dyspnea. WebMD LLC. Retrieved from: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/551364.

Joyce M. Dyspnea. Yarbro CH, Wujcik D, Holmes GB (eds.). (2014). Cancer Symptom Management. (4th Edition). Jones & Bartlett Learning. 15:317-329.

Lechtzin N. Dyspnea. Beers MH, Berkow R (eds.). (2014, July). Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals. Rahway, NJ: Merck Research Laboratories. Accessed December 18, 2014. Retrieved from: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/pulmonary_disorders/symptoms_of_pulmonary_disorders/dyspnea.html.

McCall SJ. (2012, September 4). Management of Dyspnea in Cancer Patients. University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved from: http://www.oncolink.org/resources/article.cfm?id=1052.

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. (2013, October 25). Patient and Caregiver Education: Shortness of Breath (Dyspnea). New York, NY: Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. Retrieved from: http://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/patient-education/resources/shortness-breath-dyspnea.

National Cancer Institute. (2014, September 16). Cardiopulmonary Syndromes (PDQ®) Patient Version. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. Retrieved from: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/supportivecare/cardiopulmonary/Patient/page1/AllPages.

National Cancer Institute. (2014, October 21). Cardiopulmonary Syndromes (PDQ®) Health Professional Version. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. Retrieved from: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/supportivecare/cardiopulmonary/HealthProfessional/page1/AllPages.

Penn Medicine. (2014, December 4). Shortness of Breath (Dyspnea). University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved from: http://www.oncolink.org/coping/article.cfm?aid=1153&id=578&c=491.

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