Cancer information / Cancer types / Bile duct / Diagnosis

ACS. Bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma). American Cancer Society. (2014). Bile Duct (Cholangiocarcinoma) Cancer. Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society.

Blechacz, B.R.A. and Gores, G.J.. Cholangiocarcinoma. (2008). Clinics in Liver Disease. Retrieved from:

Lim, J.H.. Cholangiocarcinoma: Morphologic classification according to growth pattern and imaging findings. (2003, September). AJR: American Journal of Roentgenology. The American Roentgen Ray Society.

Nakeeb A, & Pitt HA. Cancers of the biliary tree: anatomy and staging. Kelsen, D. P., Daly, J. M., Kern, S. E., Levin, B., Tepper, J. E., & Van Cutsem, E. (eds.). (2008). Principles and Practice of Gastrointestinal Oncology. (2nd Edition). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Chapter 36: pp. 483-491.

Van Beers, B.E.. Diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma. (2008). HPB. Retrieved from: