Cancer information / Cancer types / Nasal and paranasal / Diagnosis

American Cancer Society. (2014, April 30). Nasal and Paranasal Sinus Cancers. Atlanta, GA. Retrieved: November 13, 2014. Retrieved from:

American Joint Committee on Cancer. (2010). AJCC Cancer Staging Handbook. (7th Edition). Chicago: Springer.

American Society of Clinical Oncology. (2014, August). Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer. Retrieved: November 13, 2014. Retrieved from:

Cancer Research UK. (2014, July 2). Tests for Nasal and Sinus Cancer. Retrieved: November 17, 2014. Retrieved from:

Frank SJ, Ahamad A, Ang KK. Cancer of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Halperin EC, Wazer DE, Perez CA, Brady LW. (2013). Perez and Brady's Principles and Practice of Radiation Oncology. (6th Edition). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 42.

Kupferman ME, Sturgis ME, Schwartz DL, Garden A, Kies MS. Neoplasms of the head and neck. Hong WK, et al (eds.). (2010). Holland Frei Cancer Medicine. (8th Edition). People's Medical Publishing House. 77: 959-998.

Macmillan Cancer Support. (2013, January 1). Paranasal Sinus Cancer. London, UK: Macmillan Cancer Support. Retrieved: November 13, 2014. Retrieved from:

National Cancer Institute. (2014, October 8). Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity CancerTreatment (PDQ®) Patient Version. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. Retrieved: November 19, 2014. Retrieved from:

Newkirk KA, Holsinger FC. Cancers of the head and neck. Feig BW & Ching CD. (2012). MD Anderson Surgical Oncology Handbook. (5th Edition). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 6: 196-219.

Princess Margaret Cancer Centre. (2014, May). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre Clinical Practice Guidelines - Head & Neck, Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus. Retrieved from:

Tabaee A, Persky MS. Cancer of the nasal vestibule, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, anterior skull base, and orbit: Surgical management. Harrison LB, Sessions RB, & Kies MS. (2014). Head and Neck Cancer: A Multidisciplinary Approach. (4th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 20:525-559.