Cancer information / Cancer types / Renal pelvis and ureter / If cancer spreads

American Joint Committee on Cancer. (2010). AJCC Cancer Staging Handbook. (7th Edition). Chicago: Springer.

Brierley JD, Gospodarowicz MK, Wittekind C (eds.). (2017). TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours. (8th Edition). Wiley Blackwell.

Feldman AS, Efstathiou JA, Lee RJ, Dahl DM, Michaelson MD, Zietman AL. Cancer of the bladder, ureter, and renal pelvis. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA. (2015). Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. (10th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 65:896-916.

Jarrard DF. (2016, September 18). Medscape Reference: Urothelial Tumors of the Renal Pelvis and Ureters. Retrieved from:

National Cancer Institute. (2018, February 7). Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter Treatment (PDQ®) Health Professional Version. Retrieved from: