Cancer information / Diagnosis and treatment / Tests and procedures / Thoracentesis

British Columbia Ministry of Health. (2015). HealthLink BC: Thoracentesis. Retrieved from:

Cope DG. Malignant effusions. Yarbro, CH, Wujcki D, & Holmes Gobel B. (eds.). (2011). Cancer Nursing: Principles and Practice. (7th Edition). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett. 35: pp. 863-878.

Lechtzin N. Thoracentesis. Beers, M. H., & Berkow, R., (Eds.). (2013, June). Merck Manual Professional Edition. Retrieved from:

National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. (2012). Thoracentesis. Retrieved from:

University Health Network. (2014). Preparing for your Thoracentesis: Information for Patients. Retrieved from: