Cancer information / Cancer types / Bile duct / Bile duct cancer / Cancerous tumours

Allard-Picou. (2016, November 10). Medscape Reference: Ampullary Carcinoma. Retrieved from:

Blechacz, B.R.A. and Gores, G.J.. Cholangiocarcinoma. (2008). Clinics in Liver Disease. Retrieved from:

Bosman FT, Carneiro F, Hruban RH, Theise ND. (2010). WHO Classification of Tumours of the Digestive System. (4th Edition). Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).

Hodgin MB. Gallbladder and bile duct cancer. Yarbro, CH, Wujcki D, & Holmes Gobel B. (eds.). (2011). Cancer Nursing: Principles and Practice. (7th Edition). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett. Chapter 55. pp: 1316-1333.

Nakanuma, Y., Sato, Y., Harada, K., et al. Pathological classification of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma based on a new concept. (2010, December 27). World Journal of Hepatology. Retrieved from:

National Cancer Institute. (2008, May 16). Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) Health Professional Version. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute.

Nickloes, T.A.. (2015, November 18). Medscape Reference: Bile duct tumors. Retrieved from:

Volkan Adsay N, & Klimstra DS. Pathology of biliary tract cancer. Kelsen, D. P., Daly, J. M., Kern, S. E., Levin, B., Tepper, J. E., & Van Cutsem, E. (eds.). (2008). Principles and Practice of Gastrointestinal Oncology. (2nd Edition). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Chapter 35: pp 475-483.