Cancer information / Cancer types / Breast / Treatment / Stage 4

American Cancer Society. (2015, June 10). Breast Cancer. Retrieved from:

Burstein HJ, Temin S, Anderson H, Buchholz TA, Davidson NE, Gelmon KE, Giordano SH, et al. Adjuvant endocrine therapy for women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology clinical practice guideline focused update. (2014, July). Journal of Clinical Oncology. 32(21): 2255-2270.

Cardoso F, Costa A, Norton L, Senkus E, Aapro M, Andre F, Barrios CH, et al. ESO-ESMO 2nd International Consesus Guidelines for advanced breast cancer (ABC2). (2014). The Breast. 23: 489-502.

Drugs and Health Products, Health Canada. (2018, May 7). Regulatory Decision Summary: Lynparza. Retrieved from:

Joy AA, Ghosh M, Fernandes R, Clemons MJ. Systemic treatment approaches in HER2-negative advanced breast cancer - guidance on the guidelines. (2015, March). Current Oncology. 22(S!): S29-S42.

Morrow M, Burstein HJ, and Harris JR. Malignant tumors of the breast. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, & Rosenberg SA. (2015). Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. (10th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 79: 1117-1156.

National Cancer Institute. (2015, July 8). Breast Cancer Treatment for Health Professionals (PDQ®).

National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Breast Cancer (Version 2.2015). Retrieved from:

Partridge AH, Rumble RB, Carey LA, Come SE, Davidson NE, Di Leo A, Gralow J, et al. Chemotherapy and targeted therapy for women with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (or unknown) advanced breast cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology clinical practice guideline. (2014, October). Journal of Clinical Oncology. 32(29): 3307-3331.

Van Poznak C, Somerfield MR, Bast RC, Cristofanilli M, Goetz MP, Gonzalez-Angulo AM, Hicks DG, et al. Use of biomarkers to guide decisions on systemic therapy for women with metastatic breast cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology clinical practice guideline. (2015, August). Journal of Clinical Oncology. 33(24): 2695-2706.

Zhu X, Verma S. Targeted therapy in HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer: a review of the literature. (2015, March). Current Oncology. 22(S1): S19-S28.