Cancer information / Cancer types / Thyroid / Treatment / Surgery

American Society of Clinical Oncology. (2015, May). Thyroid Cancer. Retrieved from:

BC Cancer Agency (BCCA). (2004, September 15). Cancer Management Guidelines: Head and Neck - Thyroid Malignancies. Retrieved from:

Davidge-Pitts CJ, Thompson GB. Thyroid tumors. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA. (2015). Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. (10th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 82:1175-1188.

Davidson BJ, Newkirk KA, Burman KD. Cancer of the thyroid and the parathyroid: general principles and management. Harrison LB, Sessions RB, Kies MS (eds.). (2014). Head and Neck Cancer: A Multidisciplinary Approach. (4th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 28A:779-824.

Goyal N. (2014, July 15). Medscape Reference: Thyroidectomy. Retrieved from:

Haugen BR, Alexander DK, Bible KC, et al. 2015 American Thyroid Association management guidelines for adult patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer. (2015). Thyroid. doi: 10.1089/thy.2015.0020. Retrieved from:

Lentsch EJ. (2015, February 27). Medscape Reference: Thyroid Cancer Treatment Protocols. Retrieved from:

National Cancer Institute. (2015, May 13). Thyroid Cancer Treatment for Health Professionals (PDQ®). Retrieved from:

National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Thyroid Carcinoma (Version 2.2015). Retrieved from:

Smallridge RC, Ain KB, Asa SL, et al. American Thyroid Association guidelines for management of patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer. (2012, November). Thyroid. 22(11):1104-1139. Retrieved from: