Cancer information / Cancer types / Anal / Treatment / Stage 1

Alberta Health Services. (2013, October). Anal Canal Cancer Clinical Practice Guideline GI-001. (version 4 Edition). Retrieved from:

American Society of Clinical Oncology. (2014, March). Anal Cancer. Retrieved from:

BC Cancer Agency (BCCA). (2012). Cancer Management Guidelines: Anus. Retrieved from:

Cancer Care Ontario. (2013, February 19). Evidence-Based Series 2-8: Management of Squamous Cell Cancer of the Anal Canal. (version 2 Edition). Retrieved from:

Czito BG, Ahmed S, Kalady M, Eng C. Cancer of the Anal Region. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA. (2015). Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. (10th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 61:842-856.

National Cancer Institute. (2014, July 31). Anal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) Health Professional Version. Retrieved from:

National Comprehensive Cancer Network. (2015). Anal Carcinoma. (version 2 Edition). Retrieved from:

Penn Medicine. (2015, February 13). Anal Cancer: The Basics. University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved from:§ion=cancer_types.