Cancer information / Cancer types / Anal / If cancer spreads

American Joint Committee on Cancer. (2010). AJCC Cancer Staging Handbook. (7th Edition). Chicago: Springer.

Czito BG, Ahmed S, Kalady M, Eng C. Cancer of the Anal Region. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA. (2015). Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. (10th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 61:842-856.

Eng C, Ajani J. Anal canal cancer. Kelsen DP, Daly JM, Kern SE, Levin B, Tepper JE, Van Cutsem E (eds). (2008). Principles and Practice of Gastrointestinal Oncology. (2nd Edition). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 47:641-652.