References

Cancer information / Cancer types / Penile / If cancer spreads

American Joint Committee on Cancer. (2010). AJCC Cancer Staging Handbook. (7th Edition). Chicago: Springer.

Brosman, SA. (2015, October 31). Medscape Reference: Penile Cancer. Retrieved from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/446554-overview.

National Cancer Institute. (2016, July 19). Penile Cancer Treatment (PDQ®). Retrieved from: http://www.cancer.gov/types/penile/patient/penile-treatment-pdq.

Richter S, Ruether JD, Wood L, Canil C, Moretto P, et al. Management of carcinoma of the penis: consensus statement from the Canadian Association of Genitourinary Medical Oncologists (CAGMO). (2013, November-December). Canadian Urological Association Journal. 7(11-12):e797-811.

Sobin LH, Gospodarowicz MK & Wittekind C (eds.). (2009). TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours. (7th Edition). Wiley Blackwell.

Trabulsi EJ, Gomell LG. Cancer of the urethra and penis. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA. (2015). Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology. (10th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 69:981-987.

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