References

Cancer information / Cancer types / Hypopharyngeal / Treatment / Recurrent disease

American Cancer Society. (2014, April 8). Laryngeal and Hypopharyngeal Cancers. Retrieved from: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/laryngeal-and-hypopharyngeal-cancer.html.

Ferris, RL, Blumenschein G, Fayette J, Guigay J, et al. Nivolumab for recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. (2016). New England Journal of Medicine. 375: 1856-1867.

Hamoir M, Machiels JP, Schmitz S, Gregoire V. Multidisciplinary management of hypopharyngeal carcinoma. Bernier J (ed.). (2016). Head and Neck Cancer: Multimodality Management. Springer. 28: 511-537.

Kruser TJ, Pagedar NA, Hoffman HT, Harari PM. Cancers of the hypopharynx and cervical esophagus: general principles and management. Harrison LB, Sessions RB, Kies MS (eds.). (2014). Head and Neck Cancer: A Multidisciplinary Approach. (4th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 19: 482 - 509.

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