Cancer information / Cancer types / Oral / Diagnosis

Alberta Health Services. (2016, February). Oral Cavity Cancer Clinical Practice Guideline HN-002.

American Cancer Society. (2016, August 8). Oral Cavity and Oropharyngeal Cancer.

American Society of Clinical Oncology. (2016, July). Oral and Oropharyngeal cancer. Retrieved from:

Cancer Care Ontario. (2009, December 15). Evidence-Based Series 5-3: The Management of Head and Neck Cancer in Ontario.

Cancer Research UK. (2016, June 21). The Mouth and Oropharynx.

Koch WM, Stafford E, Chung C, Quon H. Cancer of the oral cavity. Harrison LB, Sessions RB, Kies MS. (2014). Head and Neck Cancer: A Multidisciplinary Approach. (4th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 16A:335-356.

National Cancer Institute. (2016, August 19). Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer Treatment (PDQ®).

National Comprehensive Cancer Network. (2015). NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Head and Neck Cancers (Version 1.2015).

Richardson,M.S., Barnesw,L., Carlson,D.L., et al. Protocol for the Examination of Specimens from Patients with Carcinomas of the Lip and Oral Cavity. College of American Pathologists. (2009, October). College of American Pathologists. Northfield, IL: College of American Pathologists. Retrieved from:

Scully C, Bagan JV, Hopper C, et al. Oral cancer: current and future diagnostic techniques. (2008, August). American Journal of Dentistry. 21(4):199-209 (PMID:18795514).