Cancer information / Cancer types / Bladder / Bladder cancer / The bladder

Al-Ahmadie H, Lin O, Reuter VE. Pathology and cytology of tumors of the urinary tract. Scardino PT, Lineham WM, Zelefsky MJ, Vogelzang NJ (eds.). (2011). Comprehensive Textbook of Genitourinary Oncology. (4th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 16:295-316.

American Cancer Society. (2016, January 26). About Bladder Cancer. Retrieved from:

American Society of Clinical Oncology. (2017, October). Bladder Cancer. Retrieved from:

Martini FH, Timmons MJ, Tallitsch RB. (2012). Human Anatomy. (7th Edition). San Francisco: Pearson Benjamin Cummings.

National Cancer Institute. (2018, April 12). Bladder Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) Health Professional Version. Retrieved from:

Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER), National Cancer Institute. SEER Training Modules: Anatomy of the Bladder. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. Accessed October 12, 2018. Retrieved from: