Cancer information / Cancer types / Anal / Anal cancer / The anus

Alberta Health Services. (2013, October). Anal Canal Cancer Clinical Practice Guideline GI-001. (version 4 Edition). Retrieved from:

American Cancer Society. (2014, April 9). Anal Cancer. Retrieved from:

Martini FH, Timmons MJ, Tallitsch RB. (2012). Human Anatomy. (7th Edition). San Francisco: Pearson Benjamin Cummings.

Meyer JJ, Willett CG, Czito BG. Anal cancer. Jankowiski J, Hawk E (eds.). (2013). Handbook of Gastrointestinal Cancer. Wiley-Blackwell. 6:137-160.

National Cancer Institute. (2014, December 11). Anal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) Patient Version. Retrieved from:

Penn Medicine. (2015, February 13). Anal Cancer: The Basics. University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved from:§ion=cancer_types.

Young B, O'Dowd G, Woodford P (eds.). (2014). Wheaters's Functional Histology. (6th Edition). Churchill Livingstone.