Cancer information / Diagnosis and treatment / Tests and procedures / Mediastinoscopy & mediastinotomy

British Columbia Ministry of Health. (2015). HealthLink BC: Mediastinoscopy. Retrieved from:

Fischbach F. & Dunning MB. (2009). Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Test. (9th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Lechtzin N. Mediastinoscopy and mediastinostomy. Beers, M. H., & Berkow, R., (Eds.). (2013, June). Merck Manual Professional Edition. Retrieved from:

US National Library of Medicine. (2014). MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Mediastinoscopy with biopsy. Retrieved from:

Vogel WH. Diagnostic evaluation, classification and staging. Yarbro CH, Wujcki D, Holmes Gobel B (eds.). (2011). Cancer Nursing: Principles and Practice. (7th Edition). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett. 8:166-197.