References

Cancer information / Cancer types / Bladder / Bladder cancer / Cancerous tumours

Al-Ahmadie H, Lin O, Reuter VE. Pathology and cytology of tumors of the urinary tract. Scardino PT, Lineham WM, Zelefsky MJ, Vogelzang NJ (eds.). (2011). Comprehensive Textbook of Genitourinary Oncology. (4th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 16:295-316.

Al-Shamsi H, Hansel DE, Bellmunt J, Siefker-Radtke AO. Uncommon cancers of the bladder. Raghavan D, et al (eds.). (2017). Textbook of Uncommon Cancer. (5th Edition). Wiley Blackwell. 5:41-53.

American Cancer Society. (2016, January 26). About Bladder Cancer. Retrieved from: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/bladder-cancer/about.html.

American Society of Clinical Oncology. (2017, October). Bladder Cancer. Retrieved from: https://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/bladder-cancer.

Feldman AS, Efstathiou JA, Lee RJ, Dahl DM, Michaelson MD, Zietman AL. Cancer of the bladder, ureter, and renal pelvis. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA. (2015). Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. (10th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 65:896-916.

Humphrey PA, Moch H, Cubilla AL, Ulbright TM, Reuter VE. The 2016 WHO Classification of Tumours of the Urinary System and Male Genital Organs - Part B: Prostate and Bladder Tumours. (2016, July). European Urology. 70(1):106-119. Retrieved from: https://www.europeanurology.com/article/S0302-2838(16)00205-0/fulltext.

Mark JR. Bladder cancer. Porter RS (ed.). (2017, October). Merck Manual Professional Edition. Kenilworth, NJ: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.. Accessed July 31, 2018. Retrieved from: https://www.merckmanuals.com/en-ca/professional/genitourinary-disorders/genitourinary-cancer/bladder-cancer.

National Cancer Institute. (2018, April 12). Bladder Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) Health Professional Version. Retrieved from: https://www.cancer.gov/types/bladder/hp/bladder-treatment-pdq.

Penn Medicine. (2017, October 12). All About Bladder Cancer. University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved from: https://www.oncolink.org/cancers/urinary-tract/bladder-cancer/all-about-bladder-cancer.

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