Cancer information / Cancer 101 / What is cancer? / Genes and cancer / Genetic changes and cancer risk

American Cancer Society. (2014, June 25). Genes and Cancer. Retrieved from:

American Society of Clinical Oncology. (2015, August). The Genetics of Cancer. Retrieved from:

Cancer Research UK. (2014, October 29). Genes, DNA and Cancer. Retrieved from:

Davidson NE, Armstrong SA, Coussens LM, et al. AACR cancer progress report 2016. (2016). Clinical Cancer Research. 22(19 Supplement):S1-S137. Retrieved from:

Garassino M. (2013). Personalised Cancer Medicine: An ESMO Guide for Patients. Retrieved from:

Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health & Human Services. (2016, October 18). Help Me Understand Genetics. Bethesda, MD: U.S. National Library of Medicine. Retrieved from:

National Cancer Institute. (2015, March 13). Cancer Genomics. Retrieved from:

Samuels Y, Bardelli A, Gartner JJ, Lopez-Otin C. The Cancer Genome. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA. (2015). Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. (10th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 1:2-23.