References

Cancer information / Cancer types / Bladder / Treatment / Early stage

Alberta Health Services. (2013, October). Nonmuscle Invasive Bladder Cancer Clinical Practice Guideline GU-009 (Version 1). Retrieved from: https://www.albertahealthservices.ca/assets/info/hp/cancer/if-hp-cancer-guide-gu009-noninvasive-bladder.pdf.

American Cancer Society. (2016, January 26). Treating Bladder Cancer. Retrieved from: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/bladder-cancer/treating.html.

American Society of Clinical Oncology. (2017, October). Bladder Cancer. Retrieved from: https://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/bladder-cancer.

Cancer Care Ontario. (2017). Bladder Cancer Diagnosis, Treatment and Follow-up Care Pathway Map (Version 2017.02). Retrieved from: http://ocp.cancercare.on.ca/cms/One.aspx?portalId=327895&pageId=370578.

Chang SS, Boorjian SA, Chou R, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer: AUA/SUO Guideline. (2016, October). Journal of Urology. 196(4):1021-1029. Retrieved from: https://www.auanet.org/guidelines/bladder-cancer-non-muscle-invasive-(2016).

Feldman AS, Efstathiou JA, Lee RJ, Dahl DM, Michaelson MD, Zietman AL. Cancer of the bladder, ureter, and renal pelvis. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA. (2015). Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. (10th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 65:896-916.

National Cancer Institute. (2018, April 12). Bladder Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) Health Professional Version. Retrieved from: https://www.cancer.gov/types/bladder/hp/bladder-treatment-pdq.

National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Bladder Cancer (Version 5.2018).

Penn Medicine. (2017, October 12). All About Bladder Cancer. University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved from: https://www.oncolink.org/cancers/urinary-tract/bladder-cancer/all-about-bladder-cancer.

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