Cancer information / Cancer types / Oral / If cancer spreads

Oral cavity and oropharyngeal Cancer. American Cancer Society. (2011, 6/29). Oral Cavity Cancer. Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society. Retrieved from:

Barnes L, Eveson JW, Reichart P, Sidransky D. Pathology and genetics of head and neck tumours. (2005). World Health Organization Classification of Tumours. International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).

Koch WM, Stafford E, Chung C, Quon H. Cancer of the oral cavity. Harrison LB, Sessions RB, Kies MS. (2014). Head and Neck Cancer: A Multidisciplinary Approach. (4th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 16A:335-356.

Mendenhall WM, Werning JW, Pfister DG. Cancer of the head and neck. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, & Rosenberg SA. (2015). Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. (10th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 38: 422-473.

NCI. What you need to know about oral cancer. National Cancer Institute. (2009, July). National Cancer Institute (NCI). Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. Retrieved from:

Scully C. (2016, February 12). Medscape Reference: Cancers of the Oral Mucosa.