Cancer information / Cancer types / Esophageal / If cancer spreads

Esophageal Cancer. Beers, M. H (Ed.). (2007). Merck Manual of Medical Information - Second Home Edition. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck Research Laboratories.

Oesophageal cancer. Cancer Research UK. (2014, March 26). CancerHelp UK.

Ko AH, Billingsley KG, Byrd DR, et al. Esophagus. Ko, A. H., Dollinger, M., & Rosenbaum, E. (2008). Everyone's Guide to Cancer Therapy: How Cancer is Diagnosed, Treated and Managed Day to Day. (5th Edition). Kansas City: Andrews McMeel Publishing. 5: pp. 588-597.

Koehler RPM, Detterbeck, FC & Dean DA. Esophageal Cancer: Anatomy and Staging. Kelsen, D. P., Daly, J. M., Kern, S. E., Levin, B., Tepper, J. E., & Van Cutsem, E. (eds.). (2008). Principles and Practice of Gastrointestinal Oncology. (2nd Edition). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 14: pp. 179-202.

Posner, MC, Minsky BD, & Ilson DH. Cancer of the esophagus. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, & Rosenberg SA. (2011). Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology. (9th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 79: pp. 887-923.