Cancer information / Cancer types / Vaginal / Finding cancer early

American Cancer Society. (2014, June 17). Vaginal Cancer, Risk Factors and Prevention. Retrieved from:

American Society of Clinical Oncology. (2017, August). Vaginal Cancer. Retrieved from:

Bardawil T. (2015, January 11). Vaginal Cancer. Retrieved from:

Klopp AH, Eifel PJ, Berek JS, Konstantinopoulos PA. Cancer of the cervix, vagina and vulva. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA. (2015). Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. (10th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 72:1013-1047.

Madeleine MM, Johnson LG. Vulvar and vaginal cancers. Thun MJ (ed.). (2018). Schottenfeld and Fraumeni Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention. (4th Edition). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 49:947-951.

Penn Medicine. (2016, September 19). All About Vaginal Cancer. University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved from: