Cancer information / Diagnosis and treatment / Pain

American Cancer Society. (2015, Sept 23). Cancer Pain.

American Society of Clinical Oncology. (2017). Managing Cancer-Related Pain: A Guide for Patients, Families and Caregivers.

Cancer Care Nova Scotia. (2005, November 24). Guidelines for the management of cancer-related pain in adults. Halifax: Cancer Care Nova Scotia.

Cancer Care Ontario's symptom management guides-to-practice: pain. Cancer Care Ontario. (2010, August). Cancer Care Ontario. Toronto, ON: Cancer Care Ontario.

Cancer and pain control. Cancer Research UK. (2012, August 17). CancerHelp UK.

Cancer Research UK. (2014, Feb 27). Cancer and pain control. Retrieved from:

Foley, K. M., Back, A. & Bruera, E., et al. (Eds.). (2005). When the Focus Is on Care: Palliative Care and Cancer. Atlanta: American Cancer Society.

Gallagher, R. Cancer pain. Jovey, R. D. (Ed.). (2002). Managing Pain: The Canadian Healthcare Professional's Reference. Toronto: Healthcare & Financial Publishing. 13: pp. 129-136.

Hoskin, P. & Makin, W. (2003). Oncology for Palliative Medicine. (2nd Edition). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lavoie Smith, E. Cancer pain. Varricchio, C., Pierce, M., Hinds, P. S., & Ades, T. B. (2004). Cancer Source Book for Nurses. (8th Edition). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 23: pp. 349-360.

Librach, S. L., & Squires, B. P. (2000, January). Pain Manual: Principles and Issues in Cancer Pain Management. Toronto: Pegasus Healthcare International.

Cancer pain. Macmillan Cancer Support. (2011, April 1). Macmillan Cancer Support. London, UK: Macmillan Cancer Support.

National Cancer Institute. (2017, August 30). Cancer Pain (PDQ®) Health Professional Version. Retrieved from:

National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Adult Cancer Pain (Version 2.2017).

Paice, J. A. Pain. Yarbro, C. H., Frogge, M. H. & Goodman, M. (2004). Cancer Symptom Management. (3rd Edition). Sudbury: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 6: pp. 77-96.

Robbins, W. R., Rosenbaum, E. H., Dollinger, M. and Rosenbaum, I. R. Controlling pain. Dollinger, M., Rosenbaum, E., Tempero, M., & Mulvihill, S. (2002). Everyone's Guide to Cancer Therapy: How Cancer Is Diagnosed, Treated and Managed Day to Day. (4th Edition). Kansas City: Andrews McMeel Publishing. 25: pp. 202-206.

Robbins, W., Rosenbaum, E. H. and Rosenbaum, I. R. Pain control. Rosenbaum, E. H. & Rosenbaum, I. (2001). Supportive Cancer Care: The Complete Guide for Patients and Their Families. (3rd Edition). Naperville: Sourcebooks, Inc.. 9: pp. 83-86.