Testicular cancer

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If testicular cancer spreads

Cancer cells can spread from the testicle to other parts of the body. This spread is called metastasis.

Understanding how a type of cancer usually grows and spreads helps your healthcare team plan your treatment and future care. If testicular cancer spreads, it can spread to the following:

  • lymph nodes in the back of the abdomen (called retroperitoneal lymph nodes)
  • lymph nodes around the main blood vessel in the body (called para-aortic lymph nodes)
  • distant lymph nodes in the pelvis, mediastinum or base of the neck
  • lungs
  • liver
  • bones
  • brain

mediastinum

The space in the chest between the lungs, breastbone and spine that contains the heart, great blood vessels, thymus, trachea (windpipe), esophagus and lymph nodes.

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Great progress has been made

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Some cancers, such as thyroid and testicular, have survival rates of over 90%. Other cancers, such as pancreatic, brain and esophageal, continue to have very low survival rates.

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