Testicular cancer

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Finding testicular cancer early

When testicular cancer is found and treated early, the chances of successful treatment are better. Get regular health checkups and see your doctor if you have any symptoms or are worried about your health.

Knowing your testicles

All men should know what is normal for their testicles. Many men discover testicular cancer by noticing changes in their testicles.

The best time to feel the testicles is just after a warm bath or shower. The heat from the water makes the testicles descend and the scrotum relax, which makes it easier to feel anything that is abnormal.

Carefully feel each testicle for any changes, such as a lump or any tenderness. At the back of each testicle there is a tube (called the epididymis) that collects and carries sperm. It is normal to feel this tube as a soft cord or a small bump. It is also normal for one testicle to be larger than the other. Comparing the 2 sides for differences may be helpful.

If you find a change, report it to a doctor as soon as possible. The doctor may order tests to find out what the change could mean.

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