Prostate cancer

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Reducing your risk for prostate cancer

You may lower your risk of developing prostate cancer by doing the following.

Have a healthy body weight

Obesity and overweight may increase your risk for prostate cancer. Eating well and being physically active can help you have a healthy body weight.

Be aware of the amounts of dairy products and foods high in calcium you eat

Diets high in dairy products and calcium may increase the risk of developing prostate cancer. Milk, yogurt and cheese are examples of dairy products and high-calcium foods. These foods can still be a part of healthy eating. Talk to a registered dietitian about how much dairy and calcium you need for a healthy, well-balanced diet.

Live smoke-free

If you smoke tobacco, get help to quit. Avoid second-hand smoke.

Protect yourself from pesticides

Avoid or reduce your contact with pesticides. Avoid using pesticides to improve the appearance of green spaces (cosmetic use of pesticides). If you have to use pesticides, try to use the smallest amounts possible. Read the product information and follow the directions on the label. Wear the recommended protective clothing and equipment when applying pesticides.

Make sure you have the proper training before using pesticides at work.

Be safe at work

Follow all workplace health and safety practices, especially if you work in smelting, battery manufacturing or rubber manufacturing industries.

Find out if you’re at high risk for prostate cancer

Some men, including those with a family history of prostate cancer, can have a higher than average risk for prostate cancer. Talk to your doctor about your risk. If you are at higher than average risk, you may need to visit your doctor more often to check for prostate cancer. Your doctor will recommend what tests you should have and how often you should have them.

More information about reducing your risk of cancer

Learn how cancer can be prevented and what you can do to reduce your risk.