Survival statistics for parathyroid cancer
Survival statistics for parathyroid cancer are very general estimates and must be interpreted very carefully. Because these statistics are based on the experience of groups of people, they cannot be used to predict a particular person’s chances of survival.
There are many different ways to measure and report cancer survival statistics. Your doctor can explain the statistics for parathyroid cancer and what they mean to you.
Net survival represents the probability of surviving cancer in the absence of other causes of death. It is used to give an estimate of the percentage of people who will survive their cancer.
In Canada, 5-year net survival statistics for parathyroid cancer are included in a group called other endocrine cancers, which includes similar cancers that are grouped and reported together. This statistic does not necessarily reflect the actual survival for the individual cancers within the group.
The 5-year net survival for other endocrine cancers is 63%. This means that about 63% of people diagnosed with other endocrine cancer will survive for at least 5 years.
Relative survival looks at how likely people with cancer are to survive after their diagnosis compared to people in the general population who do not have cancer but who share similar characteristics (such as age and sex).
In Canada, a separate 5-year relative survival statistic is not reported for parathyroid cancer. But the United States has reported survival statistics for parathyroid cancer. These will likely have similar outcomes as in Canada. According to US statistics, the 5-year relative survival is 93%. This means that, on average, people diagnosed with parathyroid cancer are 93% as likely to live at least 5 years after their diagnosis as people in the general population.
The 10-year US relative survival is 82%.
Survival by stage
Survival of parathyroid cancer varies with each stage (where the cancer is in the body). There are no specific Canadian statistics available for the different stages of parathyroid cancer. The following survival statistics by stage come from the US.
cancer is only in the parathyroid glands or nearby tissues (localized)
cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes
cancer has spread to parts of the body farther from the parathyroid glands and nearby tissues in the neck (metastatic)
statistics not available
Questions about survival
Talk to your doctor about your prognosis. A prognosis depends on many factors, including:
- your health history
- the stage
- the calcium level in your blood and how well it is controlled
- if the cancer can be completely removed with surgery
- how the cancer responds to treatment
Only a doctor familiar with these factors can put all of this information together with survival statistics to arrive at a prognosis.