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Survival statistics for childhood Hodgkin lymphoma
Survival statistics for childhood Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) are very general estimates and must be interpreted very carefully. These statistics are based on the experience of groups of children and cannot be used to predict a particular child’s chances of survival.
There are many different ways to measure and report cancer survival statistics. Your child’s doctor can explain the statistics for childhood HL and what they mean for your child.
Observed survival is also called overall survival. It is the percentage of children with a certain type of cancer who are expected to live for at least a specified period of time after their diagnosis. Doctors often use the observed survival rate when they talk about a prognosis.
The 5-year observed survival for HL in children 0 to 14 years of age is 97%. This means that, on average, 97% of children diagnosed with HL are expected to live at least 5 years after their diagnosis.
Childhood classical HL is divided into risk groups based on stage, bulk of the tumour and symptoms. Treatment options are based on these risk groups. It is difficult to determine Canadian survival statistics for the different risk groups of HL in children and youth.
Questions about survival
Talk to your child’s doctor about their prognosis. A prognosis depends on many factors, including:
- the child’s health history
- the type of cancer
- the stage
- certain characteristics of the cancer
- the treatments chosen
- how the cancer responds to treatment
Only a doctor familiar with these factors can put all of this information together with survival statistics to arrive at a prognosis.
Great progress has been made
Some cancers, such as thyroid and testicular, have survival rates of over 90%. Other cancers, such as pancreatic, brain and esophageal, continue to have very low survival rates.