If cervical cancer spreads

Cancer cells can spread from the cervix to other parts of the body. This spread is called metastasis.

Understanding how a type of cancer usually grows and spreads helps your healthcare team plan your treatment and future care. If cervical cancer spreads, it can spread to the following:

  • the vagina
  • the uterus
  • nearby lymph nodes in the pelvis and back of the abdomen
  • tissue and ligaments around the cervix and uterus
  • the pelvis
  • the bladder
  • the rectum
  • distant lymph nodes in the chest and above the collarbone
  • the abdominal cavity
  • the mediastinum
  • the lungs
  • the liver
  • bone

mediastinum

The space in the chest between the lungs, breastbone and spine that contains the heart, great blood vessels, thymus, trachea (windpipe), esophagus and lymph nodes.