Cancer information / Cancer journey / Advanced cancer / Signs that death is near

Alberta Health Services Regional Palliative Care Program. What to Expect as the Final Stage of Death Approaches. (Alberta Health Services Edition).

When death is near. Canadian Virtual Hospice Team. (2010). Canadian Virtual Hospice. Canadian Virtual Hospice Executive Committee.

Esper P. Principles and issues in palliative care. Yarbro, CH, Wujcki D, & Holmes Gobel B. (eds.). (2011). Cancer Nursing: Principles and Practice. (7th Edition). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett. 74: pp. 1815-1828.

Ferris FD, Danilychev M & Siegel A. Last hours of living. Emanuel LL & Librach SL (eds.). (2011). Palliative Care: Core Skills and Clinical Competencies. (2nd Edition). St. Louis: Elsevier Saunders. 23: pp. 319-342.

National Cancer Institute. (2012, May 10). Fact Sheet: End-of-Life Care for People Who Have Cancer. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute.

What to expect: The last hours or days of life. Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network. (2004). Caring to the End of Life. Toronto: Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network.

Rousseau P. Management of symptoms in the actively dying patient. Berger, A. M., Shuster, J. L. Jr., & Von Roenn, J. H., (eds.). (2007). Principles and Practice of Palliative Care and Supportive Oncology. (2nd Edition). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 57: pp. 623-632.

Schaefer KG, Selvaggi K & Abrahm JL. Specialized care of the terminally ill. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, & Rosenberg SA. (2011). Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology. (9th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 20(175): pp. 2481-2490.

Thompson KL, Frankenfield R, Staufenberg LJ, Treece N, & Anderson M. Transitioning to the end of life. Lester JL & Schitt P (eds.). (2011). Cancer Rehabilitation and Survivorship: Transdisciplinary Approaches to Personalized Care. Pittsburg: Oncology Nursing Society. 21: pp. 215-223.