Cancer information / Cancer types / Penile / Prognosis and survival

American Joint Committee on Cancer. (2010). AJCC Cancer Staging Handbook. (7th Edition). Chicago: Springer.

Brierley JD, Gospodarowicz MK, Wittekind C (eds.). (2017). TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours. (8th Edition). Wiley Blackwell.

Brosman, SA. (2015, October 31). Medscape Reference: Penile Cancer. Retrieved from:

Penile (penis) cancer. Cancer Research UK. (2010, October 13). CancerHelp UK.

Chaux A & Cubilla AL. Diagnosis, epidemiology and pathology or penile cancer. Scardino PT, Lineham WM, Zelefsky MJ & Vogelzang NJ (eds.). (2011). Comprehensive Textbook of Genitourinary Oncology. (4th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 46: pp. 803-810.

Horenblas S & Crook JM. Penile cancer. Gospodarowicz, M. K., O'Sullivan, B., Sobin, L. H., et al. (Eds.). (2006). Prognostic Factors in Cancer. (3rd Edition). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. 33: pp. 241-245.

National Cancer Institute. (2016, July 19). Penile Cancer Treatment (PDQ®). Retrieved from:

Penile Cancer: The Basics. University of Pennsylvania. (2011, March 28). OncoLink. (Reviewed Edition).