Cancer information / Diagnosis and treatment / Chemotherapy and other drug therapies / Bisphosphonates

American Cancer Society. (2016, December 16). Treating Bone Metastases. Retrieved from:

Brant JM, Stringer LH. Cancer pain. Yarbro CH, Wujcki D, Holmes GB, (eds.). (2018). Cancer Nursing: Principles and Practice. (8th Edition). Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett Learning. 25: 781 - 816.

Cancer Research UK. (2017, June 9). Bisphosphonates and Cancer. Retrieved from:

Chow E, Finkelstein JA, Sahgal A, Coleman RE. Metastatic cancer to the bone. DeVita VT Jr, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA. (2015). Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. (10th Edition). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 126: 1867 - 1879.

National Cancer Institute. (2017, August 30). Cancer Pain (PDQ®) Health Professional Version. Retrieved from: