Endoscopy is a procedure that allows a doctor to look inside certain body cavities using an endoscope. An endoscope is a hollow, tube-like instrument with a lighted (fiberoptic) end.
There are many different kinds of endoscopy procedures:
|Type of endoscopy||Area of the body examined|
trachea, bronchibronchiThe large tubes, or airways, that branch off from the windpipe (trachea) into the lungs, where they branch into smaller tubes (bronchioles) that end in the alveoli (air sacs). Bronchi carry air to and from the lungs. and certain bronchioles
large intestine or colon
colposcopycolposcopyA procedure that uses a colposcope (a lighted magnifying instrument) to examine the vulva, vagina and cervix.
cervix and vagina
cystoscopycystoscopyA procedure that uses an endoscope (a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and lens) to examine or treat the bladder and urethra.
bladder and urethra
pancreas and bile ducts
esophagus, stomach and duodenumduodenumThe first part of the small intestine that receives partially digested food from the stomach, absorbs nutrients and passes digested food to the jejunum. The duodenum also receives digestive juices from the pancreas and bile (a yellow-green fluid that helps digest fat) from the liver and gallbladder.
hysteroscopyhysteroscopyA procedure that uses an endoscope (a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and lens) to examine or treat the uterus (womb) and Fallopian tubes.
laparoscopylaparoscopyA procedure that uses an endoscope (a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and lens) to examine or treat organs inside the abdomen and pelvis.
abdomen or pelvis
laryngoscopylaryngoscopyA procedure that uses an endoscope (a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and lens) to examine or treat the larynx (voice box) and vocal cords.
voice box (larynx) and vocal cords
lymph nodes in the chest behind the breastbone (mediastinummediastinumThe space in the chest between the lungs, breastbone and spine that contains the heart, great blood vessels, thymus, trachea (windpipe), esophagus and lymph nodes.)
sigmoidoscopysigmoidoscopyA procedure that uses an endoscope (a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and lens) to examine or treat sigmoid colon (the last part of the colon) and rectum.
lower rectumrectumThe lower part of the large intestine that receives waste (stool or feces) from the colon and stores it until it passes out of the body through the anus. and sigmoid colon
chest cavity (thoracic cavity)
An endoscopy may be done to:
Depending on the part of the body being examined, endoscopy may be done in a doctor’s office, clinic or hospital.
Serious problems from endoscopy are not common. Potential side effects may include:
Biopsy samples are examined to find out if they are cancerous or not.
The doctor will decide whether further tests, procedures, follow-up care or additional treatment are needed.
Being prepared for a test or procedure can reduce anxiety, increase cooperation and help the child develop coping skills. Parents and caregivers can help prepare children by explaining to them what will happen, including what they will see, feel and hear during the test.
The preparation you can provide for this test depends on the age and experience of the child. See the following for more age-specific information on cope with tests and treatment.
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