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Blood chemistry tests or panels are groups of tests that measure many chemical substances in the blood that are released from body tissues or are produced during the breakdown (metabolism) of certain substances. These tests are performed on a blood sample.
There are many different types of blood chemistry tests.
|Blood chemistry test||Substances measured|
kidney function tests
blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
liver function tests
alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
alkaline phosphatase (ALP)
aspartate transaminase (AST)
basic metabolic panel (BMP)
comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP)
A blood chemistry test may be done to:
A blood chemistry test is usually done in a private laboratory or hospital laboratory. Preparation depends on the type of test being done.
Potential side effects of having a blood chemistry test include:
Normal ranges may vary from person to person and laboratory to laboratory. Many factors can affect blood chemistry results. Values may be abnormal for reasons other than cancer.
Increased blood chemistry values
|Component||An increased value may be due to||A decreased value may be due to|
ALT and AST
lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)
Note: Not all factors or conditions that can increase blood chemistry components are listed above. Only the main cancer-related ones have been included.
The doctor will decide if more tests, procedures, follow-up care or treatment are needed.
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