Tests and procedures
Diagnosing and treating cancer can be complicated. It may involve different tests and procedures to confirm that there is cancer, determine the type of tumour and treat the cancer.
Your doctor may also order tests to check your overall health, to find out how the cancer responds to treatment and as part of follow-up after treatment.
Cancer antigen 125 (CA 125)
Cancer antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3)
Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9)
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)
Cell and tissue studies
Central venous catheter
Clinical breast exam
Colostomy and ileostomy
Complete blood count (CBC)
Computed tomography (CT) scan
Pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND)
Positron emission tomography (PET scan)
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
Pulmonary function test
Making progress in the cancer fight
The 5-year cancer survival rate has increased from 25% in the 1940s to 60% today.