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Tests and procedures

Diagnosing and treating cancer can be complicated. It may involve different tests and procedures to confirm that there is cancer, determine the type of tumour and treat the cancer.

Your doctor may also order tests to check your overall health, to find out how the cancer responds to treatment and as part of follow-up after treatment.

A
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)
Anesthesia
Angiography
Axillary lymph node dissection (ALND)

B
Barium enema
Biopsy
Blood chemistry tests
Blood tests
Blood transfusion
Bone density scan
Bone marrow aspiration & biopsy
Bone scan
Bowel resection
Bronchoscopy

C
Cancer antigen 125 (CA 125)
Cancer antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3)
Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9)
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)
Cell and tissue studies
Central venous catheter
Clinical breast exam
Colonoscopy
Colostomy and ileostomy
Complete blood count (CBC)
Computed tomography (CT) scan
Cone biopsy
Core needle biopsy
Cryosurgery
Cystoscopy

D
Digital rectal examination
Ductography

E
Echocardiogram
Electrocardiogram
Electroencephalogram
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
Endoscopy

F
Fine needle aspiration

G
Gallium scan
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) study

H
Hearing exam
HER2 status testing
Hormone receptor testing
Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG or b-HCG)
Hysterectomy

I
Imaging
Immunizations
Intravenous pyelogram

L
Laboratory tests
Laryngoscopy
Laser surgery
Loop electrical excision procedure
Lumbar puncture
Lymph node dissection

M
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Mammography
Mediastinoscopy
Metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scan
Mohs surgery
Multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan

N
Nuclear medicine imaging

P
Pap test
       Abnormal pap test results
Paracentesis
Pelvic exam
Pelvic exenteration
Peripherally inserted central catheter
Physical examination
Positron emission tomography (PET scan)
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
Pulmonary function test
Punch biopsy

R
Radical trachelectomy
Radiofrequency ablation

S
Scintimammography
Sedation
Sentinel lymph node biopsy
Shave biopsy
Sigmoidoscopy
Stereotactic core needle biopsy
Stool test
Subcutaneous port
Surgical biopsy

T
Thoracentesis
Thoracoscopy
Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)
Tumour markers
Tunnelled central venous catheter

U
Ultrasound
Upper GI series
Urinalysis
Urinary diversion

W
Whipple procedure
Wire localization biopsy

X
X-ray

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Help for smokers trying to quit

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It’s okay to need help to quit smoking. The Canadian Cancer Society is here to support people who are ready to quit and even those people who aren’t ready.

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